18th Biblio
CogWeb Bibliography
A Sparsely Annotated List by Francis Steen

    (Revised 2 April 2007)


Linguistics TOP

Web sites

Meta-index of linguistics resources: Christopher Manning's site at the University of Sydney, Australia.

Fields of Linguistics by the Linguistics Society of America

Literature (chronological)

Peirce, Charles S. (1868). On a New List of Categories. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 7: 287-298. Full text (external).

Peirce, Charles S. (1868). Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2: 103-114. Full text (external).

Saussure, Ferdinand de (1913). Cours de Linguistique Generale. Paris: Payot. English edition Course in General Linguistics. Translated by Wade Baskin. London: Peter Owen, 1974.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1953). Philosophical Investigations. New York: Macmillan.

Chomsky, Noam (1959). A review of B.F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior. Language 35: 26-58.

Rosch, Eleanor (1973). Natural Categories. Cognitive Psychology 4: 328-50. Abstracts.

Rosch, Eleanor (1981). Prototype Classification and Logical Classification: The Two Systems. In E. Scholnick, ed. New Trends in Cognitive Representation: Challenges to Piaget's Theory. 73-86. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1983.

Jackendoff, Ray (1983). Semantics and Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chafe, Wallace and Johanna Nichols (ed.) (1986). Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Holland, Dorothy and Naomi Quinn (eds.) (1987). Cultural Models in Language and Thought. New York, NY: Cambridge UP. (Contains article on lying by Eve Sweetser.)

Lakoff, George (1987). Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Brief Presentation.

Markman, Ellen M. (1989). Categorization and Naming in Children: Problems of Induction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989.

Bickerton, Derek (1990). Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lieberman, Philip. (1990). Uniquely Human: The evolution of speech, thought and selfless behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Home page.

Markman, Ellen M. (1990). Constraints children place on word meaning. Cognitive Science 14: 57-77.

Chafe, Wallace L. (1994). Discourse, Consciousness, and Time: The Flow and Displacement of Conscious Experience in Speaking and Writing. Chicago: U of Chicago Press.

Pinker, Steven (1994). The Language Instinct. New York: Morrow. Michael Coe's NYT review.

Harris, Randy Allen (1993). The Linguistics Wars. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bickerton, Derek (1995). Language and Human Behavior. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Chomsky, Noam (1996). Powers and Prospects: Reflections on human nature and the social order. Boston, MA: South End Press.

Fauconnier, Gilles and Eve Sweetser (eds.) (1996). Spaces, Worlds, and Grammar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Abstract.

Jackendoff, Ray (1997). The Architecture of the Language Faculty. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Pinker, Steven (1997). How the Mind Works. New York: W.W. Norton. Abstract. Matt Ridley's NYT review. Fodor's LRB review. Pinker's home page with reviews (external).

Deacon, Terrence William (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York: Norton. Mark Turner's review (external), John V. Jackson's survey (external).

Tomasello, Michael (ed.) (1998). The New Psychology of Language: Cognitive and Functional Approaches to Language Structure.  Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Calvin, William H. and Derek Bickerton (1999). Lingua ex machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain. MIT Press.Publisher's and author's presentation (local). Abstract and pre-publication précis (external).

Lamb, Sydney M. (1999). Pathways of the Brain: The Neurocognitive Basis of Language. Philadephia, PA: John Benjamins. Table of contents, with excerptsPublisher's presentation. Related article.

Kegl, J. et al. (1999). Creation through contact: Sign language emergence and sign language change in Nicaragua. In Michael de Graff, ed., Language Creation and Language Change, MIT Press. Cf. Lawrence Osborne's NYT article, A Linguistic Big Bang.

Levinson, Stephen C. (1999). Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Publisher's presentation.

Fodor, Jerry (2000). The Mind Doesn't Work That Way: The Scope and Limits of Computational Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. First chapter. Sutherland review.

Reclaiming Cognition: The Primacy of Action, Intention, and Emotion (2000). Edited by Rafael Núñez and Walter J. Freeman. Bowling Green, OH: Imprint Academic. Publisher's presentation.

Andersen, Gisle and Thorstein Fretheim (eds.) (2000). Pragmatic Markers and Propositional Attitude. John Benjamins. Abstract.

Coulson, Seana (2000). Semantic Leaps: Frame-shifting and Conceptual Blending in Meaning Construction.  New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Excerpt (external).

Talmy, Leonard (2000). Toward a Cognitive Semantics. Volume 1: Concept Structuring Systems. Volume 2: Typology and Process in Concept Structuring. Cambridge: MIT Press. Reviewed by Mark Turner (external).

Cognitive ScienceTOP

The First Cognitive Revolution (a separate file)

The Second Cognitive Revolution TOP

See also Linguistics, Evolutionary Psychology, and Cultural Studies.

Baars, Bernard J. (1986). The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology. New York: Guilford.

Baars, Bernard J. (1988). A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Full text.

Boden, Margaret A. (1991). The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms. Expanded ed. London: Abacus. BBS Precis (external).

Clark, Andy (1997). Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dennett, Daniel C. (1984). Cognitive Wheels: The Frame Problem of AI. Minds, Machines, and Evolution. Ed. Christopher Hookway. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 129-151.

Duchan, Judith F., Gail A. Bruder, and Lynne E. Hewitt (1995). Deixis in Narrative: A Cognitive Science Perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Contents and abstracts. Reviewed by Arthur Graesser and Cheryl Bowers in Minds and Machines (1996) (external). See also CogWeb's Approaches to Narrative bibliography.

Fauconnier, Gilles (1997). Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, Gilles (1994). Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [First edition Cambridge: MIT, 1985.]

Fauconnier, Gilles and Mark Turner (1998). "Conceptual Integration Networks." Cognitive Science 22 (2): 133-187. Abstract.

Fodor, Jerry (1994). The Elm and the Expert: Mentalese and its Semantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Reviewed by John R. Lee (external).

Fodor, Jerry (1998). Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. New York: Oxford University Press. See also his Review of E.O. Wilson's Consilience and Fodor (2000).

Gibson, James J. (1986/1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Goldman, Alvin I. (1993). Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gopnik, Alison (1993). How we know our minds: the illusion of first-person knowledge of intentionality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16: 1-86.

Humphrey, Nicholas (1992). A History Of The Mind. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Kirsh, D, and P. Maglio (1994). On distinguishing epistemic from pragmatic action. Cognitive Science 18: 513-549.

Jackendoff, Ray (1987). Consciousness and the Computational Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Johnson, Mark (1993). Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Maturana, Humberto R. (1988). Ontology of Observing. The Biological Foundations of Self-consciousness and the Physical Domain of Existence. Conference Workbook: Texts in Cybernetics. American Society For Cibernetics Conference, Felton, CA, 18-23 October, 1988. Full text.

McCarthy, J., and P.J. Hayes (1969). Some Philosophical Problems from the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence. Machine Intelligence. Ed. Bernard Meltzer and Donald Michie. Vol. 4. New York: American Elsevier. 463-502.

McClamrock, Ron (1995). Existential Cognition: Computational Minds in the World. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Abstract.

Natsoulas, T. (1978). Consciousness. American Psychologist 33: 906-914. (A taxonomy.)

Osherson, Daniel (1995) An Invitation to Cognitive Science. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.  Michael R.W. Dawson's overview and notes (external).

Pylkkänen, Paavo (1992). Mind, Matter and Active Information: the Relevance of David Bohm's Interpretation of Quantum Theory to Cognitive Science. Helsinki: University of Helsinki Press.

Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson. Relevance: Communication and Cognition. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995 [1986]. Abstract. CCS list of abstracts.

Tooby, John, and Leda Cosmides (1998). Evolutionizing the cognitive sciences: A reply to Shapiro and Epstein. Mind & Language 13. 2 (June): 195-204. Abstract.

Varela, Francisco J., Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch (1991). The Embodied Mind:  Cognitive Science and Human Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Abstract.

Vosniadou, Stella and Andrew Ortony (eds.) (1989). Similarity and Analogical Reasoning. New York: Cambridge University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Domain Specificity TOP

General TOP

Chi, M.T.H., J.E. Hutchinson, and A.F. Robin (1989). How inferences about novel domain-related concepts can be constrained by structured knowledge. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 35: 27-62.

Fodor, Jeffrey (1983). The Modularity of Mind: An Essay On Faculty Psychology. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Gardner, Howard (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Iintelligences. New York: Basic Books. Project Zero (external); The seven types of intelligence listed (external); EdWeb Q&As (external). For a recent review, see Shearer, C. Branton (1999). Assessing The Multiple Intelligences: What Good Can Come of It? In The Teachers' Own Words. MI News.

Gelman, Rochel (1990a). Structural constraints on cognitive development. Cognitive Science 14: 3-9.

Gelman, Rochel (1990b). First principles organize attention to and learning about relevant data: number and the animate-inanimate distinction as examples. Cognitive Science 14: 79-106.

Gould, J.L. and Marler, P. (1987). Learning by instinct. Scientific American 256: 74-85.

Hirschfeld, Lawrence A. and Gelman, Susan A. (eds) (1994). Mapping the Mind: Domain Specificity in Cognition and Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Horton, Jonathan C. (2000). Boundary disputes. Nature 406: 565 (10 Aug 2000). Abstract.

Millikan, Ruth Garrett (1994). A Common Structure For Concepts Of Individuals, Stuffs, And Real Kinds: More Mama, More Milk And More Mouse. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1): 55-100. Unedited preprint (external). See also Millikan 1984.

Nuyts, Jan and Ann de Roeck (1997). Autism and meta-representation: The case of epistemic modality. European Journal of Disorders of Communication 32 (2): 113-37. Abstract.

Spelke, Elizabeth, Karen Breinlinger, Janet Macomber, and Kristen Jacobson (1992). Origins of knowledge. Psychological Review 99: 605-32. Abstract.

Sperber, Dan, David Premack, and Ann James Premack (eds.) (1995). Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate. New York: Oxford University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Sperber, Dan (1994). The Modularity of Thought and the Epidemiology of Representations. In Sperber (1996) and Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994) (full version). Abstract.

Weiskrantz, Lawrence (ed.) (1988). Thought Without Language. Oxford: Clarendon (OUP). Contents and abstracts.

Wellman, H.M. and Susan A. Gelman (1992). Cognitive development: Foundational theories of core domains. Annual Review of Psychology 43: 337-375. See also their chapter in Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994).

Emotional Expressions TOP

Darwin, Charles (1998/1872). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Introduction, afterword, and commentaries by Paul Ekman.  3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ekman, Paul (1980). The Face of Man: Expressions of Universal Emotions in a New Guinea Village. Foreword by Richard S. Lazarus.  New York: Garland.

Ekman, Paul and Erika L. Rosenberg (eds.) (1997). What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). New York: Oxford University Press. Reviewed in Lingua Franca (external).

Folk Biology TOP

Atran, Scott (1990). The Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. See also his chapter in Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994).

Carey, Susan, and Rochel Gelman (eds.) (1991). The Epigenesis of Mind: Essays on Biology and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hatano, Giyoo, and Kayoko Inagaki (1994). Young children's naive theory of biology. Cognition 50: 171-188.

Hatano, Giyoo, and Kayoko Inagaki (1999). A developmental perspective on informal biology. Folkbiology. Ed. Douglas L. Medin, Scott Atran, et al. Cambridge, MA: Mit Press. 321-354.

Keil, Frank (1991). The emergence of theoretical beliefs as constraints on concepts. In Carey & Gelman. See also his chapter in Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994).

Medin, Douglas L. and Scott Atran (eds.) (1999). Folkbiology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Publisher's abstract (external).

Simons, Daniel J. and Frank C. Keil (1995). An abstract to concrete shift in the development of biological thought: the insides story. Cognition 56: 129-163.

Springer, Ken (1992). Children's awareness of the biological implications of kinship. Child Development 63: 950-959.

Folk Psychology and Theory of Mind TOP

Andrews, Paul W. (2001). The psychology of social chess and the evolution of attribution mechanisms: explaining the fundamental attribution error. Evolution and Human Behavior 22: 11-29. Abstract.

Astington, J.W., Harris, P.L., & Olson, D.R. (eds.) (1988). Developing theories of mind. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Baron-Cohen, Simon (1995). Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Publisher's presentation (external).

Baron-Cohen, Simon, Helen Tager-Flusberg, and Donald J. Cohen, eds. (2000). Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, and Jessica Hammer (1996). Parents of children with Asperger Syndrome: What is the cognitive phenotype? In preparation. Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, Angel Riviere, Masato Fukushima, Davina French, Julie Hadwin, Pippa Cross, Catherine Bryant, Maria Sotillo (1996). Reading the Mind in the Face: A Cross-cultural and Developmental Study. Visual Cognition 3: 39-59.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, and M.M. Robertson (1995). Children with either autism, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome or both: mapping cognition to specific syndromes. Neurocase 1: 101-4.

Charman, Tony, and Simon Baron-Cohen (1994). Understanding Photos, Models, and Beliefs: A Test of the Modularity Thesis of Theory of Mind. Cognitive Development 10: 287-98.

Davis, Mark H. (1996) [1994]. Empathy: A Social Psychological Approach. Boulder, CO: Westview Press (HarperCollins). Mention.

Dennett, Daniel C. (1987). The Intentional Stance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Fridlund, A. (1994). Human Facial Expression: An Evolutionary View. NY: Academic.

Gopnik, Alison and Andrew Meltzoff (1993). Imitation, cultural learning and the origins of "theory of mind". Comment on Tomasello et al.Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):521-23.

Gopnik, Alison (1993). How we know our minds: the illusion of first-person knowledge of intentionality. With commentaries and responses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1): 1-87.

Gopnik, Alison (1990). Developing the idea of intentionality: children's theories of mind. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20, (1): 89-114.

Grandin, Temple (1995). Thinking in Pictures and Other Reports from my Life with Autism. Foreword by Oliver Sachs. New York: Doubleday. Blurb.

Leslie, A.M. (1992). Pretense, Autism, and the Theory-of-Mind Module. Current Directions in Psychological Science 1: 18-21. See also his chapters in Weiskranz (1988), Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994), and Sperber, Premack, & Premack (1995).

Scott, Fiona J. and Simon Baron-Cohen (1996). Imagining Real and Unreal Things: Evidence of a Dissociation in Autism. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 8: 371-382.

Shallice, Tim (2001). 'Theory of mind' and the prefrontal cortex. Brain 2001 124: 247-248. Full text (theme issue, external).

Sperber, Dan (2000). Metarepresentations in an evolutionary perspective. In Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Ed. Dan Sperber. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 117-137. Full text (external).

Swettenham, J.G., S. Baron-Cohen, J-C. Gomez, and S. Walsh (1996). What's Inside Someone's Head? Conceiving of the Mind as a Camera Helps Children with Autism Aquire an Alternative to a Theory of Mind. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 1: 73-88.

Wellman, H.M. (1990). The Child's Theory of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Abstract.

Whiten, Andrew (ed.) (1991). Natural Theories of Mind: Evolution, Development, and Simulation of Everyday Mindreading. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell. Contents and abstracts.

Mate Selection TOP

Buss, David M. (1994). The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating. New York : Basic Books.

Daly, Martin and Margo Wilson (1984). Sex, Evolution, & Behavior. Second Edition. Boston: Willard Grant.

Thornhill, Randy, and Steven W. Gangestad (1994). Human fluctuating asymmetry and sexual behavior. Psychological Science 5: 297-302.

Naive Physics TOP

Baillargeon, R. (1987) Young infants' reasoning about the physical and spatial characteristics of a hidden object. Cognitive Development 3: 179-200.

Chi, M.T.H., P.J. Feltovich, and R. Glaser (1981). Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cognitive Science 5: 121-151.

Hermer, Linda, and Elizabeth Spelke (1996). Modularity and development: The case of spatial reorientation. Cognition 61 (3): 195-232. Abstract.

Hodges, John R., Josef Spatt, and Karalyn Patterson (1999). "What" and "how": Evidence for the dissociation of object knowledge and mechanical problem-solving skills in the human brain. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (Psychology-BS) 96. 16 (August 3): 9444-9448. Abstract.

Leslie, Alan M. (1987). Pretense and representation: The origins of "theory of mind." Psychological Review 94, 4 (Oct): 412-426. Abstract.

Leslie, Alan M. (1988). The necessity of illusion: Perception and thought in infancy. Weiskrantz (1988), 185-210. Abstract.

Leslie, Alan M. (1994). ToMM, ToBy, and Agency: Core architecture and domain specificity. Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994). Abstract. Presentation.

Needham, Amy; and Renee Baillargeon (1997). Object segregation in 8-month-old infants. Cognition 62 (2): 121-149. Abstract.

Premack, David (1990). The infant's theory of self-propelled objects. Cognition 36: 1-16.

Spelke, Elizabeth S. (1988). The origins of physical knowledge. Weiskrantz (1988), 168-184. Abstract.

Spelke, Elizabeth S. (1990). Principles of Object Perception. Cognitive Science 14: 29-56. Presentation.

Spelke, Elizabeth S. and Linda Hermer (1996). Early cognitive development: Objects and space. Perceptual and Cognitive Development. Ed. Rochel Gelman, Terry Kit-Fong, et al. San Diego: Academic Press. 71-114.

Talmy, Leonard (1988). Force Dynamics in Language and Cognition. Cognitive Science 12: 49-100. Presentation.

Numeracy TOP

Dahaene, Stanislas (1997). The Number Sense: How Mathematical Knowledge Is
Embedded in Our Brains. Oxford University Press. Reviewed by Martin Gardner in LA Times on October 12, 1997.

Geary, D. C. (1995).  Reflections of evolution and culture in children's cognition: Implications for mathematical development and instruction. American Psychologist 50: 24-37.

Geary, D. C. (1996). Sexual selection and sex differences in mathematical abilities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19: 229-284. Unedited preprint (external).

Gelman, Rochel, and C. Randy Gallistel (1978). The Child's Understanding of Number. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Kunzig, Robert (1997). A Head for Numbers. Discover. July 1997. (Cover: "The Numerical Mind. Deep in our brain lies the primoridal ability to grasp the meaning of numbers. It is our evolutionary heritage, and without it we are lost.") On Dahaene (1997).

Wynn, Karen (1992). Evidence against empiricist accounts of the origins of mathematical knowledge. Mind and Language 7: 315-332.

Wynn, Karen (1998). An evolved capacity for number. The Evolution of Mind. Ed. Denise Cummins Dellarosa, Colin Allen, et al. New York: Oxford University Press. 107-126.

Source Monitoring TOP

Brebion, Gildas et al. (2000). Positive symptomatology and source-monitoring failure in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research 95 .2 ( Aug 2000): 119-131. Abstract.

Gopnik, Alison; Slaughter, Virginia. Young children's understanding of changes in their mental states. Child Development 62. 1 (February 1991): 98 (13 pages).

Gopnik, Alison; Graf, Peter. Knowing how you know: young children's ability to identify and remember the sources of their beliefs. Child Development 59. 5 (Oct, 1988): 1366 (6 pages).

Gopnik, Alison; Astington, Janet W. Children's understanding of representational change and its relation to the understanding of false belief and the appearance-reality distinction. Child Development 59. 1 (Feb, 1988): 26 (12 pages).

Johnson, Marcia K. (1991). Reality Monitoring: Evidence from Confabulation in Organic Brain Disease Patients. In Awareness of Deficit After Brain Injury. Clinical and Theoretical Issues. Edited by George P. Prigatano and Daniel L. Schacter. New York: Oxford University Press, 176-197. Excerpts and further literature.

Mitchell, Karen J. and Marcia K. Johnson (2000). Source monitoring: Attributing mental experiences. The Oxford handbook of memory. Eds. Endel Tulving, I. M. Fergus Craik, et al. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 179-195. Abstract.

O'Neill, Daniella K.; Gopnik, Alison. Young children's ability to identify the sources of their beliefs. Developmental Psychology 27. 3 (May, 1991): 390 (8 pages).

Schwoebel, J., Boronat, C., & Branch, H. (2002).  The man who executed "imagined" movements:  Evidence for dissociable components of the bodyschema.  Brain and Cognition 50: 1-16.

See also the separate Bibliography of Memory Research, particularly Mayes, Gooding, and van Eijk (1997).

Social reasoning TOP

Cosmides, Leda (1989). The Logic of Social Exchange: Has Natural Selection Shaped How Humans Reason? Studies with the Wason Selection Task. Cognition 31: 187-276.

Cosmides, Leda and John Tooby (1989). Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, Part II. Case Study: A Computational Theory of Social Exchange. Ethology and Sociobiology 10: 51-97.

Cosmides, Leda and John Tooby (1992). Cognitive Adaptations for Social Exchange. Barkow et al., 163-228. Abstract.

Gigerenzer, Gerd and Klaus Hug (1992). Domain-specific Reasoning: Social Contracts, Cheating, and Perspective Change. Cognition 43: 127-71.

Skyrms, Brian (1996). Evolution of the Social Contract. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. (Reviewed in TLS August 29, 1997.)

Neuroscience TOP

Web sites

See also the Cognitive Neuroscience links in CogWeb's sites of interest.

Site index at University of Wisconsin's Neurophysiology server

Neurosciences on the Internet: An extensive compilation by Neil A. Busis, M.D., Chief of the Division of Neurology, UPMC Shadyside, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

A Gallery of Mammalian Brains: A Visual Tour of Photos and Brain Sections. From the Brain Collections at the University of Wisconsin, Michigan State University and The National Museum of Health and Medicine.

Seizure Surgery: information on evaluations and procedures for lobectomy, hemispherotomy, and corpus callosum section from the Johns Hopkins Epilepsy Center

The Whole Brain Atlas at Harvard Medical School


Crick, Francis and G. Mitchison (1983). The function of dream sleep. Nature 304: 111-114.

Critchley, Macdonald and R.A. Henson (eds.) (1977). Music and the Brain. London: Heinemann. Cf. Robin Allott's The Pythagorean Perspective: The Arts and Sociobiology.

Cytowic, Richard E. (1996). The Neurological Side of Neuropsychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Extracts.

Damasio. Antonio (1994). Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York: G.P.Putnam.

Edelmann, Gerald (1992). Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. New York: Basic Books. Reviewed by Ralph Siegel (external).

Gazzaniga, Michael S. (1984). Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience. New York: Plenum.

Gazzaniga, Michael S. (1992). Nature's Mind: The Biological Roots of Thinking, Emotions, Sexuality, Language, and Intelligence. New York: Basic Books.

Gazzaniga, Michael S. (ed.) (1994). The Cognitive Neurosciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gazzaniga, Michael S. (ed.) (1997). Conversations in the Cognitive Neurosciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Contents. Extracts.

Gazzaniga, Michael S. (1998). The Mind's Past. Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California Press. Preface.

Jacobs, Gerald H. (1996). Primate photopigments and primate color vision. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States 93: 577-81. Abstract.

Kimura, Doreen (1999). Sex and Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT. Abstract.

Libet, Benjamin, Anthony Freeman and Keith Sutherland (eds.) (1999). The Volitional Brain Towards a Neuroscience of Free Will. Thorverton, UK: Imprint Academic, 1999. Series title: Journal of consciousness studies 6. 8-9. Publishers presentation (external).

McEwen, Bruce S. and Harold M. Schmeck, Jr. (1994). The Hostage Brain. New York: Rockefeller University Press. Excerpts.

MacLean, Paul (1990). The Triune Brain in Evolution: Role in Paleocerebral Functions. New York: Plenum Press.

Marr, D. (1982). Vision. San Francisco: W.W. Freeman.

Miyake, Akira and Priti Shah (eds) (1999). Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Abstracts.

Quartz, S. & Sejnowski, T.J. (1997). The neural basis of cognitive development: A constructivist manifesto. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4): 537-596. Full draft text (external).

Ramachandran, Vilayanur S. (1996). The Evolutionary Biology of Self-Deception, Laughter, Dreaming and Depression: Some Clues from Anosognosia. Medical Hypotheses 47: 347-362.

Sachs, Oliver (1995). An Anthropologist on Mars: Seven Paradoxical Tales. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Sachs, Oliver (1987). The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. New York: Harper and Row.

Shaywitz, Sally E. (1996). Dyslexia. Scientific American, November 1996: 98-104.

Shepard, Roger N. (1990). Mind Sights: Original visual illusions, ambiguities, and other anomalies, with a commentary on the play of mind in perception and art. New York: Freeman.

Sprengelmeyer, Reiner (1996). Loss of Disgust-Perception of Faces and Emotions in Huntington's Disease. Brain 119: 1647-1665.

Zeki, Semir (1999). Inner Vision: An Exploration of Art and the Brain. New York: Oxford University Press.

Evolution and Cognition TOP

Web sites

CogPrints: Major archive of articles in the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences

Behavioral and Brain Sciences: Index of target articles (unedited preprints)

Evolutionary Theory (see also Game Theory and the evolutionary theory page)TOP

Web sites

The Burgess Shale site at ScienceWeb

Darwin's Precursors and Influences: John Wilkins' extensive site

Early Classics in Biogeography, Distribution, and Diversity Studies: To 1950. Charles Smith, Western Kentucky University.

MAMMFAUN: A Bibliography Concerning the Geographical Distribution of Mammals
HERPFAUN A bibliography concerning the geographical distribution of reptiles and amphibians

Enter Evolution: Theory and History: UC Berkeley's Museum of Paleontology


Aristotle. On the Generation of Animals. Full text (external).

Axelrod, Robert, and Hamilton, W.D. (1981). The Evolution of Cooperation. Science 211: 1390-1396. See also Axelrod (1997).

Bacteria as Multicellular Organisms. Edited by James A. Shapiro & Martin Dworkin.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Interesting work on cooperation in bacteria.

Behe, Michael J. (1996). Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free Press. Reviewed by H. Allen Orr.

Bowler, P.J. (1984). Evolution: The History of an Idea. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Darwin, Charles (1859). The Origin of Species. Full text (external hypertext at

Darwin, Charles (1871). The Descent of Man. Full text (external text at vt).

Darwin, Charles (1845). The Voyage of  H.M.S. Beagle. Second edition.  Full text (external hypertext at

Dawkins, Richard (1986). The Blind Watchmaker: Why the evidence of evolution reveals a universe without design. New York: Norton.

Dawkins, Richard (1984). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, Richard (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Reference.

Fisher, R.A. (2000 / 1930). The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. A Complete Variorum Edition, edited by J. H. Bennett. New York: Oxford University Press.

French, Deborah L., Reuven Laskov,  and Matthew D. Scharff (1989). The role of somatic hypermutation in the generation of antibody diversity. Science 244, 4909 (June 9): 1152-1157.

Gerhart, John, and Marc Kirschner (1997). Cells, embryos, and evolution: toward a cellular and developmental understanding of phenotypic variation and evolutionary adaptability. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science. Authors' presentation (external).

Hamilton, W.D.(1964). The genetical evolution of social behavior. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7, 1-52. Also in Hamilton, W.D. (1996). Narrow Roads of Geneland, the Collected papers of W. D. Hamilton. Volume 1: The evolution of social behavior. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman.

Henig, Robin Marantz. The Monk in the Garden: The Lost and Found Genius of Gregor Mendel, the Father of Genetics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. Reviewed by Joe Cain.

Hoffmeyer, Jesper (1997). Biosemiotics: Towards a New Synthesis in Biology. European Journal for Semiotic Studies 9: 355-376. Full text.

King, M.C. and A.C. Wilson (1975). Evolution at two levels in Humans and Chimpanzees. Science 188:107-116.  Classic on the evolutionary significance of regulator vs. structural genes.

Maynard Smith, John (1982). Evolution and the Theory of Games. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

McClintock, Barbara (1987).  The Discovery and Characterization of Transposable Elements: The Collected Papers of Barbara McClintock. New York: Garland.

Quammen, David (1996). The Song of the Dodo: Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions. Maps by Kris Ellingsen.  New York: Scribner. Good discussion of MacArthur and Wilson's "equilibrium theory" of species diversity. Interview (external).

Tinbergen, Niko (1972). The Animal in its World. London: George Allen & Unwin. Excerpt.

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1855). On the Law which has regulated the Introduction of new Species. London. Extracts. Full text (external).
See also the Alfred Russell Wallace Page

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1858). On the Tendency of Varieties to depart indefinitely from the original Type. London. Extracts. Full text (external).

Weiner, Jonathan (1994). The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Blurb.

Williams, George C. (1966). Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Excerpts.

Young, Robert M. (1967). The Development of Herbert Spencer's Concept of Evolution. Actes du XIe Congrès International d'Histoire des Sciences 2: 273-78. Warsaw: Ossolineum. Full text (external).

Sociobiology TOP

Alexander, Richard (1979). Darwinism and Human Affairs. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Quotes

Barlow, G. (1980). The Development of Sociobiology: A Biologist's Perspective. In Sociobiology: Beyond Nature/Nurture? G. Barlow and J. Silverberg (eds.), pp. 3-24. Boulder: Westview.

Caplan, A. (ed.) (1978). The Sociobiology Debate. New York: Harper and Row.

Gould, Stephen Jay (1996). The Mismeasure of Man. Rev. and expanded. New York: Norton. See Gould on Adaptationism.

Hawkins, Mike (1997). Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kriegman, Daniel and Charles Knight (1988). Social Evolution, Psychoanalysis, and Human Nature. Social Policy (Fall 1988): 49-55. Full text (external).

Lewontin, Richard C., Steven Rose, and Leon J. Kamin (1984). Not In Our Genes: Biology, Ideology, and Human Nature. New York: Pantheon Books.

Lumsden, Charles, and Wilson, Edward O. (1981). Genes, Mind, and Culture: The Coevolutionary Process. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. See reference.

Rose, Hilary and Steven Rose (eds.) (2000). Alas, poor Darwin: Arguments against evolutionary psychology. New York : Harmony Books. Authors' presentation (external). Hilary Rose's presentation (external). Steven Rose debates Steven Pinker (external).

Sahlins, M. (1976). The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Segerstrale, Ullica (2000). Defenders of the Truth: The Battle for Science in the Sociobiology Debate and Beyond. New York, NY: Oxford UP. Review (external).

Somit, Albert and Steven A. Peterson, eds. (1992). The Dynamics of Evolution. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U Press. Articles by Gould, Stanley, and their critics.

Trivers, R.L. (1971) The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology 46: 35-57.

Trivers, R.L. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In B. Campbell (ed.). Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871-1971. Chicago: Aldine.

Wilson, Edward O. (1975). Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Fisher's retrospective.

Game Theory TOP

Web sites

See under Economics.


Axelrod, Robert (1997). The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Reviewed by Ken Binmore (external). See also Axelrod & Hamilton (1981).

Maynard Smith, John (1982). Evolution and the Theory of Games. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Skyrms, Brian (1996). Evolution of the Social Contract. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. (Reviewed in TLS August 29, 1997.) For an application, see Steen, Evolved Benevolence.

Non-human Cognition (General, Cetacean, Primate) TOP


Cognitive Ethology: An extensive bibliography up to mid-1997 compiled by David Griffin (see Griffin 1992) and Colin Allen (see Allen & Bekoff 1997). (Full text, external). Local copy.

Allen, Colin and Marc Bekoff (1997). Species of Mind: The Philosophy and Biology of Cognitive Ethology. Full text and reviews (author's site).

Balda, Russell P., Irene M. Pepperberg, and Alan C. Kamil (eds.) (1998). Animal Cognition in Nature. Academic Press. Reviewed by Richard W. Byrne, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2000, 4. 2: 73 (external).

Bekoff, Marc and John Alexander Byers (eds.) (1998). Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative, and Ecological Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Griffin, David R. (1992). Animal Minds. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Hauser, Marc D. ( 2000). Wild Minds: What animals really think. New York: Henry Holt.

Mitchell, Robert, Lyn Miles, and Nick Thompson (eds.) (1997). Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. New York: SUNY press. Contributor's abstract (cf. Nagel 1974).

Scheussler, Jennifer (2000). Monkeys Who Think And the Cognitive Neuroscientist Who Loves Them. Lingua Franca 10. 3 (April 2000). Interview with Marc Hauser. Full text (external).

Smith, Peter K. (ed.) (1984). Play in Animals and Humans. Oxford: Blackwell. Contents and abstracts.


Interspecies Communication. A content-rich interspecies site sponsored by The Dolphin Institute.

Unusual Suspects. New Scientist 31 July 1999. (Killer coalitions among bottlenose dolphins.) Full text (external).

Vogel, Gretchen (1998). DNA Suggests Cultural Traits Affect Whales' Evolution. Science 282: 1616. Abstract.


Web sites

Primate Links: Tim Knight's extensive annotated index

The new Living Links Center. A new initiative of the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center at Emory University

Jane Goodall Institute; see also Meet the Gombe Chimps

Primate Refuge and Sanctuary of Panama, directed by Dennis Rasmussen


Boesch, Christophe and Michael Tomasello (1998). Chimpanzee and Human Cultures. Current Anthropology 39.5 (Dec): 591-. Full text.

Corbey, Raymond and Bert Theunissen (eds.) (1995). Ape, Man, Apeman: Changing Views since 1600. Evaluative Proceedings of a Symposium at Leiden, 28 June - 1 July 1993. Department of Prehistory, Leiden University. Danny Yee's review (external).

de Waal, Frans (1995). Bonobo Sex and Society: The behavior of a close relative challenges assumptions about male supremacy in human evolution. Scientific American, March 1995, pp. 82-88. Full text (external). Picture. William H. Calvin's Bonobo pages (external)

de Waal, Frans (1982). Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes. London: Jonathan Cape.

de Waal, Frans (1996). Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals. Harvard University Press. William C. McGrew's SciAm review.

de Waal, Frans (1998). No imitation without identification. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21: 689. Full text.

Diamond, Jared (1992). The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee: How Our Animal Heritage Affects the Way We Live. London: Vintage. Blurb.

Goodall, Jane (1986). The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns in Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Cf. Jane Goodall Institute and Meet the Gombe Chimps (external).

Law, Lock, & Hay (1990). Self-recognition in gorillas. Paper prepared for the Symposium on Gorilla Cognition and Communication at the 13th Annual  Meeting of the American Society of Primatologist. Davis, CA.

McGrew, William C., Linda F. Marchant, and Toshisada Nishida (1996). Great Ape Societies. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

McGrew, William C. (1998). Culture in Nonhuman Primates? Annual Review of Anthropology 27: 301-328. Abstract.

Parker, S.T.  (1991) A developmental approach to the origins of self-recognition in great apes; Human Evolution 6: 435-449

Patterson (1984) Self-recognition by Gorilla gorilla gorilla. Gorilla 7 (2): 2-3. Publication of the Gorilla Foundation. Woodside, CA.

Povinelli (1987) Monkeys, Apes, Mirrors and Minds: The Evolution of Self-Awareness in Primates. Human Evolution 2 (6) 493-509.

Seyfarth, Robert M. and Dorothy L. Cheney (1992). Meaning and Mind in Monkeys. Scientific American December 1992: 122-128. Abstract.

Strum, Shirley (1987). Almost Human: A Journey Into the World of Baboons. New York: Random House.

Tyson, E. (1699). Orang-outang, sive homo sylvestris. London. Reissued as Orang-outang; sive, Homo Sylvestris; or, The anatomy of a pygmie. A facsimile with an introduction by Ashley Montagu. London: Dawsons, 1966.

Paleoanthropology TOP

Web sites

CogWeb's Paleoanthropology: Hominid Family History (local)

Anthropology Resources on the Internet: Compiled by Allen H. Lutins and Bernard-Olivier Clist.

Council for British Archaeology

Exploratorium of Our Kind: "Explore the dimensions of the human legacy through the eyes of anthroplogy" at Mesa Community College

Human Evolution: Philip Walker and Ed Hagen's multimedia presentation of ten important milestones in human evolution, using 3D images of fossil and modern skulls, bones, and artifacts. Demo version.

Journal of Human Evolution

Neanderthal Flute?: Bob Fink's musicological analysis, but see Chase and Nowell's objections; see also Finke's The Origin of Music.

Out of Africa: Ruth Flannagan on the multiregionalism debate, for Earth.

Paleopsychology: Al Cheyne's site at the Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.

Prominent Hominid Fossils: A handy list.

WWWorld of Archaeology: The Archaeological Institute of America's index of sites.

WWW Virtual Library: Anthropology


Appenzeller, Tim (1998). Art: Evolution or Revolution? (details and text below)

Begun, David, Carol Ward, and Michael Rose (eds.) (1997). Function, Phylogeny, and Fossils: Miocene Hominoid Evolution and Adaptations. Illustrated. New York: Plenum. Publisher's presentation (external).

Boehm, Chris (2000). Interactions of Culture and Natural Selection in the Upper Paleolithic. Full text (external pdf).

Boyd, Robert and Joan B. Silk (1997). How Humans Evolved. New York: Norton.

Calvin, William (2002). A Brain for All Seasons. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press. Interview.

Corballis and Lea (eds) (1999). The Descent of Mind. New York, NY: Oxford U.P.

Donald, Merlin (1991). Origins of the Modern Mind. Three stages in the evolution of culture and cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Abstract.

Dorus, Steve, et al. (2004). Accelerated Evolution of Nervous System Genes in the Origin of Homo sapiens. Cell 119. 7: 1027-1040. Abstract.

Dunbar, Robin Ian MacDonald (1996). Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Dunbar, Robin Ian MacDonald (1993). Coevolution of Neocortex Size, Group Size and Language in Humans. See BBS (1993) vol.16(4) p. 681-735 for peer commentary and author reply.

Durham, William H. (1991). Coevolution: genes, culture, and human diversity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1991.

Fonagy, Ivan (2001). Languages Within Language. An evolutive approach. New York: Benjamin. Publisher's presentation.

Geist, Valerius (1978). Life  Strategies, Human Evolution, Environmental Design. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Holden, Constance (1998). How Much Like Us Were the Neandertals? (details and text below)

Holden, Constance (1998). No Last Word on Language Origins (details and text below)

Krings, M., Stone, K A. Schmitz, R. W., Krainitzki, H., Stoneking, M., & Paabo, S. (1997). Neandertal DNA sequences and the origin of modern humans. Cell 90: 19-30. Evidence the Neanderthals split from other humans about 600,000 years ago. Abstract. Neanderthal skull.

Mcbrearty, Sally and Alison S. Brooks (2000). The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior. Journal of Human Evolution 39. 5 (November): 453-563. Abstract (external).

Mithen, Steven J. (1996). The Prehistory of the Mind: The Cognitive Origins of Art, Religion and Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cf. abstract of Mithen's plenary talk at HBES 95 (external). Howard Gardner's review in the NYRB.

Tattersall, Ian, and Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2000). Extinct Humans. New York: Westview. First chapter (external). Reviewed by Richard Dawkins (external).

Hunter-gatherer Studies TOP

Web sites

European Prehistoric Art: a major Portugese cooperative project

Flints and Stones: the world of the Late Stone Age hunter gatherers of Britain and north-west Europe. A virtual exhibition at the Museum of Antiquities in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Index of Resources on Early Peoples Hanover College

Native American Archaeology and Anthropology Resources.

The Paleolithic Diet Page: What Hunter/Gatherers Ate

Petroglyphs and Rock Paintings

Rock Art Net

See also the web sites under Paleoanthropology.


Ames, Kenneth M. (1999). The Myth of the Hunter-Gatherer. Archaeology 52. 5 (September/October 1999). Abstract.

Bell, Diane (1987). Generations: Grandmothers, Mothers and Daughters. Melbourne: Penguin. (Native Australians.)

Bell, Diane (1993). Daughters of the Dreaming, 2nd ed. Minneapolis: U. of Minnesota Press.

Boehm, Christopher (1999). Hierarchy in the forest: The evolution of egalitarian behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Excerpts (local), publisher's presentation (external) and editorial reviews ( Reviewed by Vincent Kiernan (external).

Chagnon, Napoleon (1992). Yanomamo: The Fierce People. 4th ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. Recent interview.

Jochim, M. (1976). Hunter-gatherer Subsistence and Settlement. New York : Academic.

Krebs, J.R. & Davies, N.B. (1987). An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. Oxford: Blackwell scientific publications.

Lee, Richard B. (1993). The Dobe Ju/'hoansi. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.

Lee, Richard B. & DeVore, Irvin (eds.) (1976). Kalahari Hunter-gatherers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Miller, Gifford H. et al. (1999). Pleistocene Extinction of Genyornis newtoni: Human Impact on Australian Megafauna. Science, January 8, 1999. Abstract.

Shostak, M. (1981). Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Stiner, Mary C. et al. (1999). Paleolithic Population Growth Pulses Evidenced by Small Animal Exploitation. Science January 8, 1999. Abstract.

Turnbull, Colin M. (1961). The Forest People.  New York, Simon and Schuster. (On Mbuti Pygmies).

White, Isobel et al (eds.) (1985). Fighters and Singers: The Lives of Some Australian Aboriginal Women. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

The Agricultural Transition TOP

Web sites

Ancient Civilizations: map and timeline from the Harappa site

Anthropology Resources on the Internet: Compiled by Allen H. Lutins and Bernard-Olivier Clist.

Archaeology sites reviewed by Science (Nov. 1998).

Coercion: John Skoyles on the rich hunter-gatherer economies of the Northwest Coastal Indians and the transition to farming

European Megalithic Monuments by Paola and Diego Meozzi

First Farmers grew wheat and rye 13,000 years ago in Syria and were forced into cultivating crops by drought (Gordon Hillman at Abu Hureyra, reported by BBC October 99)

Ancient fig clue to first farming (BBC 2 June 06)

Native American Archaeology and Anthropology Resources.

Neolithic farmers in France: the monumental Cerny culture (4500 B.C.)

Transitions in Prehistory: Special issue of Science. 20 November 1998.

Origins of Monotheism. News reports from the excavations at the Migdol Temple in Pella, Jordan


Bogucki, P. (1996). The spread of early farming in Europe. American Scientist 84: 242-253.

Clastres, Pierre. (1987). Society against the State. New York: Zone Books. Quote.

Diamond, Jared M. (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: Norton.

Henry, D.O. (1989). From Foraging to Agriculture.  The Levant at the End of
the Ice Age. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Piperno, Dolores R. and Deborah M. Pearsall (1998). The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998. Summary (external).

Evolutionary Psychology TOP

For a critique, see also Sociobiology

Web sites

See CogWeb's Evolutionary Psychology index

The Descent of Man: A Four Part Radio Series on Neo-Darwinism (January 2000)

Film Archive of Human Ethology at the Max-Planck-Society

Human Behavior and Evolution Society


Barkow J.H., Leda Cosmides, and John Tooby (eds.) (1992). The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Contents and abstracts.

Betzig, Laura (ed.) (1997). Human Nature: A Critical Reader. New York: Oxford University Press.

Crawford, Charles and Dennis L. Krebs (eds.) (1998). Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology: Ideas, Issues, and Applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Contents and abstracts.

Daly, Martin and Margo Wilson (1988). Homicide. New York: Aldine DeGruyter. See also abstract of Barkow et al. (1992) chapter and abstract of Crawford & Krebs (1998) chapter.

Gallistel, C.R. (1990). The Organization of Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer (1999). Mother Nature: a history of mothers, infants and natural selection. Pantheon/Chatto and Windus. Interview with the author (external).

Johnston, Victor S. (1999). Why We Feel. The Science of Human Emotions. Reading, MA: Perseus.

Miller, Geoffrey F. (2000). The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature. New York: Doubleday. Reviewed for CogWeb by Timothy Horvath, "Our Tales are Our Tails." Excerpts (external). Précis (external).

Ridley, Matt (1993). The Red Queen. Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature. New York: Macmillan.

Ridley, Matt (1997). The Origins of Virtue. Human Instincts and the Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Viking. Lívia Markóczy's review-in-progress.

Segal, Nancy L., Glenn E. Weisfeld, and Carol C. Weisfeld (eds.) (1997). Uniting Psychology and Biology: Integrative Perspectives on Human Development. American Psychological Association. Publisher's presentation (external).

Shepherd, Roger N. (1992). The Perceptual Organization of Colors: an Adaptation to Regularities of the Terrestrial World? In Barkow, Cosmides, & Tooby, 495-532. Abstract.

Silverman, Irwin, and Marion Eals (1992). Sex Differences in Spatial Abilities: Evolutionary Theory and Data. In Barkow, Cosmides, & Tooby, 533-553. Abstract.

Slavin, Malcolm Owen and Daniel Kriegman (1992). The Adaptive Design of the Human Psyche: Psychoanalysis, Evolutionary Biology, and the Therapeutic Process. New York: Guilford Press, 1992. Publisher's presentation.

Symons, Donald (1979). The Evolution of Human Sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press. See also abstract of Barkow et al. (1992) chapter.

Tooby, John and Cosmides, Leda (1990). On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: the role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality 58: 17-67.

Tooby, John and Cosmides, Leda (1992). The Psychological Foundations of Culture. In Barkow, Cosmides, & Tooby. Abstract.

Wright, Robert (1994). The Moral Animal. The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology. New York: Pantheon Books. Reviewed by Steven Pinker.

----- (2000). Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny. Pantheon. Reviewed by David Sloan Wilson.

Cognitive Cultural Studies TOP

Communication Studies

Davis, Hank (2003). "Why Humans Value sensational news.  An Evolutionary Perspective." Evolution and Human Behavior 24: 208-216.

Shoemaker, Pamela J. (1996). "Hardwired for News: Using Biological and Cultural Evolution to Explain the Surveillance Function."  Journal of Communication 46.3: 32-47.  Builds a theoretical argument to explain why human beings are interested in the category news and why a great deal of news content involves the identification of environmental threats and unusual events. Argues that the desire to receive and to transmit information is both biologically and culturally derived, and that biology and culture together have a profound impact on the form that news content takes. Cf. excerpt (external).

Literary Studies TOP  See also main presentation page

under construction 8 October 2000

Consciousness, Literature and the Arts. A new journal (April 2000) at Aberystwyth, Wales.

Comparative Literature and Culture. Internet journal at Purdue.

The Semiotic Review of Books.

General theory

Aristotle (350 BC). Poetics.Text from Eris.

Crane, Mary and Alan Richardson (1997). "Literary Studies and Cognitive Science: Towards a New Interdisciplinarity." Forthcoming in Mosaic.

Currie, Gregory (1996). "Art, the Mind and the Brain." Canadian Aesthetics Journal 1 (Spring). Full text (external).

Gadamer, Hans-Georg (1975). Truth and method. Translation edited by Garrett Barden and John Cumming. New York: Seabury Press.

Hernadi, Paul (1972). Beyond Genre: New Directions in Literary Classification. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Abstract.

Hernadi, Paul (1985). Interpreting Events: Tragicomedies of History on the Modern Stage. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Abstract.

Hernadi, Paul (1995). Cultural Transactions: Nature, Self, Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP. Abstract.

Herrnstein Smith, Barbara (1994). Belief and Resistance: A Symmetrical Account. In James Chandler, Arnold I. Davidson, and Harry Harootunian (eds.). Questions of Evidence: Proof, Practice, and Persuasion across the Disciplines. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hogan, Patrick Colm (1996). Ethnocentrism and the very idea of literary theory. College Literature 23(1): 1-14.

Hogan, Patrick Colm (1994). The possibility of aesthetics. British Journal of Aesthetics 34(4): 337-50.

Hogan, Patrick Colm (1996). Toward a cognitive science of poetics: Anandavardhana, Abhinavagupta, and the theory of literature. College Literature 23(1): 164-79.

Luberda, James (1998). Literary Language and Complex Literature. Masters Thesis, Northwest Missouri State University. Queries the distinction between instrumental language and literary language. Full text (external).

Richards, I.A. A web resource collection by John Constable, Cambridge University

Scarry, Elaine (2000). Dreaming by the Book. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Reviewed by James Hood (external).

Spolsky, Ellen (1993). Gaps in Nature: Literary Interpretation and the Modular Mind. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Turner, Frederick (1985). Natural Classicism: Essays on Literature and Science. New York: Paragon House Publishers.

Turner, Mark (1991). Reading Minds: The Study of English in the Age of Cognitive Science. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Brief presentation. Author's presentation (external).

Walton, Kendall L. (1990). Mimesis as Make-believe: On the Foundations of the Representational Arts. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Symposium on Mimesis as Make-believe (1991). Edited by Kendall L. Walton. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51. 2 (June): 379-431.

Walton, Kendall L. (1983). Fiction, Fiction-Making, and Styles of Fictionality. Philosophy and Literature 7. 1 (April): 78-88.

Walton, Kendall L. (1980). Appreciating Fiction: Suspending Disbelief or Pretending Belief? Dispositio 5: 1-18. UCB Main P99 .D5

Walton, Kendall L. (1978). How Remote are Fictional Worlds from the Real World? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37: 11-23.

Walton, Kendall L. (1978). Fearing Fictions. Journal of Philosophy 75: 5-27.


Boyd, Brian (1998). Jane, Meet Charles. Literature, Evolution and Human Nature. Philosophy and Literature 22: 1-30. Author's abstract.

Carroll, Joseph (1995). Evolution and Literary Theory. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. Author's presentation. John Constable's review (external).

Carroll, Joseph (1998). "Literary Study and Evolutionary Theory: A Review Essay." Human Nature 9: 273-92. Full text.

Carroll, Joseph (1998). "Steven Pinker's Cheesecake for the Mind." Philosophy and Literature 22: 478-85. Full text.

Carroll, Joseph (1999). "The Deep Structure of Literary Representation." Evolution and Human Behavior 20 (1999): 159-73. Full text.

Carroll, Joseph (1999).  "Universals in Literary Study." Universalien und Konstruktivismus. Ed. Peter Hejl (Suhrkamp, forthcoming). Full text (requires a password; request one from the author or from CogWeb's editor)

Storey, Robert F. (1996). Mimesis and the Human Animal: On the Biogenetic Foundations of Literary Representation. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. Reviewed by Joseph Carroll. Storey's review of Gross and Levitt's Higher Superstition (external site).

Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle (1996). On the Origins of Narrative: Storyteller Bias as a Fitness Enhancing Strategy. Human Nature 7 (4): 403-25.

Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle (1996). Darwinian Literary Science?  A Review of Evolution and Literary Theory by Joseph Carroll. Skeptic 4 (4) : 94-6.

Cognitive historicism

Bizup, Joseph. "Architecture, Railroads, and Ruskin's Rhetoric of Bodily Form." Prose Studies (April 1998).

Crane, Mary Thomas. Shakespeare's Brain: Reading with Cognitive Theory. Princeton UP, 2000. Abstract and publisher's presentation (both external).

Richardson, Alan. British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind. New York, NY: Cambridge UP, forthcoming. Abstract (external).

----------. "Rethinking Romantic Incest: Human Universals, Literary Representation, and the Biology of Mind." New Literary History 31 (2000): 553-72. Online via Project Muse.

Steen, Francis. "'The Time of Unrememberable Being': Wordsworth's Autobiography of the Imagination." A/B: Autobiography Studies 13. 1 (Spring 1998): 7-38. Abstract. Full text.

Cognitive science on literature

Gerrig, Richard (1993). Experiencing Narrative Worlds: On the Psychological Activities of Reading. New Haven: Yale University Press. Juan Leon's Study Guide (external).

Reviewed by Snow, C.E. (1994). American Journal of Education 103: 105-109; Herman, David (1996). SubStance 25. 3: 167; Smythe, William E. (1997). Theory and Psychology Journal 7. 6: 857-58; Maall, D.S. (2000). Journal of Pragmatics 32. 3: 377-382.

Moorman, Kenneth and Ashwin Ram (1994). A Functional Theory of Creative Reading. Technical Report GIT-CC-94/01, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia. Abstract.

Schank, Roger (1995). Tell Me a Story: Narrative and Intelligence. Foreword by Gary Saul Morson. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. Series title: Rethinking theory. Abstract.

Cognitive Linguistics on literature

Fludernik, Monika, Donald C. Freeman and Margaret H. Freeman. Metaphor and Beyond: An Introduction. Special issue, Poetics Today 20.3 (1999): 383-396. Full text (external).

Gibbs, Raymond W. (1994). The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, Mark (1987). The Body in the Mind: the Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Abstract.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson (1980). Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Turner, Mark (1996). The Literary Mind. New York: Oxford University Press. Author's presentation (external); Discover magazine review (external).

Turner, Mark and Gilles Fauconnier (1995). "Conceptual Integration and Formal Expression." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 10: 183-203. Abstract. See also Fauconnier & Turner (1998).

Film Theory

Bordwell, David (1989). A Case for Cognitivism. Iris 9 (Spring 1989): 11-40.

Bordwell, David (1989). Making meaning: inference and rhetoric in the interpretation of cinema. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Buckland, Warren (ed.). The Film Spectator: From Sign to Mind. Amsterdam University Press, 1995.

--------. The Cognitive Semiotics of Film. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Currie, Gregory (1995). Image and Mind: Film, Philosophy and Cognitive Science. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Post-theory: reconstructing film studies (1996). Edited by David Bordwell and Noel Carroll. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Narratology and Rhetoric (see also separate Narratology list)

Abbott, Porter H.

Cohn, Dorrit (1999). The Distinction of Fiction.

Dannenberg, Hilary P. (1988) Virtuality in Narrative Fiction. diss. thema. Full text (external).

Emmott, Catherine (1997). Narrative Comprehension. Oxford, OUP.

Henning, Martha L. (1996). Beyond Understanding: Appeals to the Imagination, Passions, and Will in Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Women's Fiction. New York: Peter Lang. Author's presentation.

Richter, David H. (1996). Narrative/Theory.  London: Longman.

Toolan, Michael J. (1988). Narrative: A Critical Linguistic Introduction. London: Routledge

Wallace, Martin (1986). Recent Theories of Narrative. Ithaca, NY: Cornell.

Phenomenology and Reader-Response

Ingarden, Roman (1973). The Cognition of the Literary Work of Art. Trans. Ruth Ann Crowley and Kenneth R. Olson. Evanston, IL: Northwestern.

Ingarden, Roman (1973). The Literary Work of Art: An Investigation on the Borderlines of Ontology, Logic, and the Theory of Literature. Trans. George Grabowicz. Evanston, IL: Northwestern

Iser, Wolfgang (1974). The Implied Reader: Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins.

Klemenz-Belgardt, Edith (1981). American Research on Response to Literature: The Empirical Studies. Poetics 10. 4-5: 357-380.

Philosophy and Literature

Hogan, Patrick Colm (2000). Philosophical Approaches to the Study of Literature. University of Florida Press. Publisher's presentation.

Martin, Raymond and John Barresi (1995). Hazlitt on the future of the self. Journal of the History of Ideas 56: 463-82.

Schleifer, Ronald, Robert Con Davis, and Nancy L. Mergler (eds.) (1992). Culture and Cognition: The Boundaries of Literary and Scientific Inquiry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP.

Visual and Other Arts   TOP

Web sites

Art and Science Collaborations. An artists' network.

CogWeb on Music

Ellen Levy at TransHudson: Art meets science. -- Le cognition de l'art, at CREA

Psychology, Culture, and Evolution: Al Cheyne's site, at the Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.


Cage, John (1999). Color and Meaning:  Art, Science and Symbolism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Edelman, Gerald M. and Giulio Tononi (2000). A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination.

Knobloch, Ferdinand (1995). The Interpersonal Meaning of Music and Ethology. ASCAP 6. 7. Full text and further bibliography.

Zeki, Semir (1999). Inner Vision: An Exploration of Art and the Brain. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cultural Studies and the Social Sciences TOP 
See also main presentation page and economics (below)

Web sites

Evolutionary Theories in the Social Sciences, edited by Johann Peter Murmann at Northwestern U.

Psychology, Culture, and Evolution: Al Cheyne's site, at the Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.


See also Bibliography of Evolutionary Approaches to Sociology.

S. J. Blackmore, S.J. (1999). The Meme Machine. Oxford UP. Review and further work on memetics.

Boyer, Pascal (1992). Causal Thinking and Its Anthropological Misrepresentation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22: 187-213.

Boyer, Pascal (1994). The Naturalness of Religious Ideas: A Cognitive Theory of Religion, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.  See also his chapter in Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994).

Brown, Donald E. (1988). Hierarchy, History, and Human Nature: the Social Origins of Historical Consciousness. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Brown, Donald E. (1991). Human Universals. New York: McGraw-Hill.

DiMaggio, Paul (1997). Culture and Cognition. Annual Review of Sociology 23: 263-87. Full text.

Keller, J.D. and Lehman, F.K. (1991). Complex Concepts. Cognitive Science 15: 271-291.

Minoura, Yasuko (1992). A Sensitive Period for the Incorporation of a Cultural Meaning System: A Study of Japanese Children Growing up in the United States. Ethos 20: 304-39.

Sperber, Dan (1985). Anthropology and Psychology: Towards an epidemiology of representations. Man 20: 73-89.

Sperber, Dan (1990). The Epidemiology of Beliefs. In C. Fraser and G. Gaskell (eds.). The Social Psychological Study of Widespread Beliefs. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sperber, Dan (1996). Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach. Oxford: Blackwells. Author's presentation.  See also his chapter in Hirschfeld & Gelman (1994).

Talmy, Leonard (1995). The Cognitive Culture System. Monist 78: 80-114. Abstract.

Tomasello, M., Kruger, A.C., and Ratner, H.H. (1993) Cultural Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16: 495-552.

Tomasello, Michael (2000). The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. Reviewed by Marc D. Hauser.

Turner, Mark (forthcoming 2001). Cognitive Dimensions of Social Science. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Presentation and First chapter (both external).

Vygotsky, Lev S. (1962 [1934]). Thought and Language. Edited and translated by Eugenia Hanfmann and Gertrude Vakar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Young, Robert Maxwell (1999). Science and the Humanities in the Understanding of Human Nature. Full text (external).

Economics TOP

Web sites

Darwin@LSE: The site of the Darwin program at the London School of Economics, "designed to explore what Darwin's magnificent idea can tell us about human nature - understanding our brains, minds, consciousness, bodies, behaviour and aspects of culture as adaptations evolved by natural selection." The programme was established in April 1995 by LSE's Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science.

ELSE: Centre for Economic Learning and Social Evolution. An interdisciplinary research centre funded primarily by the Economic and Social Research Council. It is based at University College London.


Axelrod, Robert (1997). The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Reviewed by Ken Binmore (external).

Bergstrom, Theodore C. and Stark, Oded (1993). How altruism can prevail in an evolutionary environment. American Economic Review 83: 149-156. Abstract.

Bergstrom, Theodore C. (1995). On the evolution of altruistic ethical rules for siblings. American Economic Review 85: 58-82. Abstract.

Hoffman, E., K. McCabe and V. Smith (1996). Reciprocity: The Behavioral Foundations of Socio-Economic Games. Understanding Strategic Interaction. Essays in Honor of Reinhard Selten. Edited by W.Albers et al. Berlin: Springer.

Krugman, Paul (1996). What Economists Can Learn From Evolutionary Theorists. A talk given to the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy. Full text (external).

North, Douglass C. (1995). The Paradox of the West. In Richard Davis (ed.), The Origins of Modern Freedom in the West, Stanford, Stanford University Press.

North, Douglass C. (1996). Some fundamental puzzles in economic history/development. Unpublished manuscript. Abstract.

Philosophy TOP

For web sites, see Sites of Interest: Philosophy.


Bateson, Gregory (1979). Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. London: Wildwood House.

Berlin, Isaiah (1996). My Intellectual Path. 1. Philosophy (verificationism, phenomenalism). 2. History of Ideas and Political Theory (monism, Vico, Herder, Romanticism, pluralism, freedom, determinism, and idealism). Reprinted in New York Review of Books, May 14, 1998.

Bohm, David (1990). A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter. Philosophical Psychology 3: 271-286.

Fetzer, James H. (1991). Philosophy And Cognitive Science. New York: Paragon House.

Hahlweg, Kai and C.A. Hooker (eds.) (1989). Issues In Evolutionary Epistemology. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson (1999). Philosophy In the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic Books. Reviewed by Francis Steen and Michael Sinding (external).

Lorenz, Konrad (1977). Behind the Mirror: A Search for a Natural History of Human Knowledge. Translated by Ronald Taylor. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Millikan, Ruth Garrett (1984). Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Millikan, Ruth Garrett (1993). White Queen Psychology and Other Essays for Alice. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Reviewed by Anthony Chemero (external). See also Millikan 1994.

Nagel, Thomas (1974). What is it like to be a bat? Philosophical Review, reprinted in D.R. Hofstadter and D.C. Dennett (eds.) The Mind's I. New York :Basic Books, 1981.

Popper, Karl (1972). Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford.

Quine, W.V.O. (1960). Word and Object. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Wertheimer, Max (1924). Gestalt Theory. Translated by Willis D. Ellis. Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1938. Full text, with further links (external).

Personal Identity Theory

Web sites

Research Sources on Concepts of Person and Self: Professor Shaun Gallagher's site at Canisius College Buffalo, NY. Includes an excellent collection of on-line texts.


Benzon, William L. First Person: Neuro-Cognitive Notes on the Self in Life and in Fiction. PsyArt: A Hyperlink Journal for the Psychological Study of the Arts, 2000. Abstract.

Klein, Stanley B. and Judith Loftus (1993). The mental representations of trait and autobiographical knowledge about the self. In T.K. Sruli and R.S. Wyer (eds.). Advances in Social Cognition. Vol. 5. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Kolak, Daniel, and Raymond Martin (eds.) (1991). Self and Identity: Contemporary Philosophical Issues. Contributions by Julian Jaynes, Daniel Dennett, Nicholas Humphrey, Robert Nozick, Kenneth J. Gergen, Mark Johnston, Martha Nussbaum, Allen Stairs, and others. New York: Macmillan.

Neisser, Ulrich (1991). Five Kinds of Self-knowledge. In Kolak & Martin (1991).

Perry, John (ed.) (1975). Personal Identity. Contributions by Joseph Butler, H.P. Grice, David Hume, John Locke, Thomas Nages, Derek Parfit, John Perry, Anthony Quinton, Thomas Reid, Sydney Shoemaker, Bernard Williams. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Ramachandran, V.S. and S. Blakeslee (1998). Phantoms in the Brain. New York: William Morrow. Publisher's presentation.

Rorty, Amélie Oksenberg (ed.) (1976). The Identities of Persons. Contributions by Daniel Dennett, Ronald de Sousa, Harry Frankfurt, George Graham, David Lewis, Derek Parfit, Terence Penelhum, John Perry, Georges Rey, Amélie O. Rorty, Sydney Shoemaker, Charles Taylor, David Wiggins, Bernard Williams. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sutton, John (1998). Philosophy and Memory Traces. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Review (external).

Taylor, Charles (1989). Sources of the Self: the Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.





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Francis F. Steen, Communication Studies, University of California, Los Angeles